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  1. Hepatitis E: A Foodborne Zoonotic Threat in the U.S. and Abroad

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/as-20

    zoonotic infection and food safety." Virus Res, 161 (1): 23–30. ... safety and chronic infection." Virus Res, 284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.virusres.2020.197985. Food ... virus food safety hev meat safety zoonosis Animal Sciences ...

  2. Wheat Growth Stages and Associated Management

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/agf-126

    scales. Here we focus on the Feekes Growth Scale. Figure 1. Wheat main stem and tiller. Using this scale, ... compensate for fewer tillers. Feekes 2.0: Beginning of Tillering (usually in fall) A tiller is a shoot that ... Formed (late fall or early spring) Winter wheat can continue to tiller for several weeks. Depending upon ...

  3. Growing Peppers in the Home Garden

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-1618

    garden. Pepper Site Requirements Peppers need at least six to eight hours of full sun during the growing ... success and earlier harvest by using pepper transplants over direct seeding. Choose transplants with ... them to outdoor climates. Place the plants outdoors in the sun for a few hours each day, increasing ...

  4. Converting between Mehlich-3, Bray P, and Ammonium Acetate Soil Test Values

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-75

    This requires two different extractants to be independently analyzed to estimate plant-available P, K, ... increased efficiency, and today, nearly all commercial soil testing labs in this region use Mehlich-3 as the ... values, but since our focus here is conversions for fertilizer recommendations, we focused on soil test ...

  5. Sanitation and Phytosanitation (SPS)

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-gen-10

    products. SPS measures applied to plants are designed to insure the safety of food and to prevent the spread ... of plant pests and diseases. They may include (i) requiring products to come from areas free of ... eliminate pests or pathogens; (iv) maximum allowable pesticide residue requirements; and (v) limited ...

  6. Managing “Pollen Drift” to Minimize Contamination of Non-GMO Corn

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/agf-153

    Union (EU) guidelines require that foods, including grains, containing more than 0.9% biotech material ... Ohio increases with the wider use of insect and herbicide resistant and drought tolerant corns, the ... potential for contamination of non-GMO corn is increasing. If growers want to produce non-GMO IP corn ...

  7. Ammonia Emission from Animal Feeding Operations and Its Impacts

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/AEX-723.1

    manure and significantly increases ammonia emission. Small surface area, little disturbance of the ... shown in turkeys. At above 20 ppm, increased rate of infection of Newcastle disease was found. At above ... 50 ppm, increased levels of keratoconjuctivitis and tracheitis have been observed. These trachea and ...

  8. Inoculants and Soil Amendments for Organic Growers

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/SAG-17

    For example, cover crops can be planted in the fall after harvesting the cash crops. The cover crops ... use products that meet the requirements of USDA's National Organic Program (NOP). Individual ... improve plant growth. For example, compost can improve soil structure, thus increasing plant-available ...

  9. Coping with Canada Geese: Conflict Management and Damage Prevention Strategies

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/W-3

    September. The intent of this early season is to increase the harvest of non-migratory, resident birds that ... only during spring and fall migration, and they rarely nested. A successful re-introduction of ... a wildlife species increases dramatically in numbers. However, knowledge of their biology and the various ...

  10. Using Ice to Protect Outdoor-Growing Plants against Frosts and Freezes

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-1262

    growing requires a weed mat and a simple watering system. However, the big question is: what happens if ... impractical, in some cases requiring some type of support to avoid plant breakage.       Figure 3. A large ... the temperatures fall below a certain value. The sprinklers must be left on all the time until the ...

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