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  1. Crop Estimation of Grapes

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-1434-11

    for wine making is increasingly tied to a clear and accurate knowledge of vineyard conditions, which ... States. In addition, climate change (such as increased heat accumulation and rainy events) is predicted to ... increase this variability. Therefore, future economic survival and success of grape and wine industries are ...

  2. Bitter Rot of Apple

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-20

    susceptible to infections from petal fall through harvest. Symptoms first appear as small, slightly sunken ... burned.  Chopping dead wood on the ground with a flail-type mower will remove most of the bark and increase ... first cover until harvest are effective at controlling fruit rot if a good sanitation program is ...

  3. Sooty Blotch and Fly Speck of Apple

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/plpath-fru-41

    spring, rains in late summer, and low temperatures in early fall. Symptoms Sooty Blotch Brown to dull ... require free water on the fruit surface to infect. Sooty Blotch The “sooty blotch” or “smudge” appearance ... early June until fall. The fungus first affects apple twigs, then secondary colonies are initiated on ...

  4. Winter and Your Backyard Chickens

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-66

    Increase Bedding To prepare the coop for winter, remove all used bedding and clean the coop prior to adding ... insulation effect.  Deep bedding can increase humidity levels, so litter management is critical in the winter ... requires 2 pounds of feed per week. Dual-purpose chickens require more, where bantams will eat less. Mature ...

  5. Using °Brix as an Indicator of Vegetable Quality: Linking Measured Values to Crop Management

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/HYG-1651

    Three steps are required to make effective use of °Brix readings: (1) obtain accurate representative ... continue through harvest, in part because planting and harvesting dates determine the environmental ... conditions due to planting and harvest schedules can influence elements of quality (including °Brix) and ...

  6. Demonstrations for 4-H Members

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/4h-46

    showed how to practice proper maintenance on a bike. Next, he demonstrated proper safety practices when ... animals help to hold the attention of the audience but make sure the audience focuses mainly on you and ... importantly, do not fall into the trap of reading the text on your slides. You want the audience to look at and ...

  7. Wheat Growth Stages and Associated Management

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/agf-126

    scales. Here we focus on the Feekes Growth Scale. Figure 1. Wheat main stem and tiller. Using this scale, ... compensate for fewer tillers. Feekes 2.0: Beginning of Tillering (usually in fall) A tiller is a shoot that ... Formed (late fall or early spring) Winter wheat can continue to tiller for several weeks. Depending upon ...

  8. Growing Peppers in the Home Garden

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-1618

    garden. Pepper Site Requirements Peppers need at least six to eight hours of full sun during the growing ... success and earlier harvest by using pepper transplants over direct seeding. Choose transplants with ... them to outdoor climates. Place the plants outdoors in the sun for a few hours each day, increasing ...

  9. Converting between Mehlich-3, Bray P, and Ammonium Acetate Soil Test Values

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/anr-75

    This requires two different extractants to be independently analyzed to estimate plant-available P, K, ... increased efficiency, and today, nearly all commercial soil testing labs in this region use Mehlich-3 as the ... values, but since our focus here is conversions for fertilizer recommendations, we focused on soil test ...

  10. Managing “Pollen Drift” to Minimize Contamination of Non-GMO Corn

    https://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/agf-153

    Union (EU) guidelines require that foods, including grains, containing more than 0.9% biotech material ... Ohio increases with the wider use of insect and herbicide resistant and drought tolerant corns, the ... potential for contamination of non-GMO corn is increasing. If growers want to produce non-GMO IP corn ...

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